A business that consistently operates with a high working capital turnover ratio needs a smaller ongoing cash investment than its competitors to produce the same level of sales that they are generating. Working capital is also a measure of a company’s operational efficiency and short-term financial health. If a company has substantial positive NWC, then it could have the potential to invest in expansion and grow the company. If a company’s current assets do not exceed its current liabilities, then it may have trouble growing or paying back creditors. It's a commonly used measurement to gauge the short-term health of an organization. As a rule of thumb, the high ratio shows that the management is efficiently utilizing the company’s short term assets.

  • Common examples of current assets include cash, accounts receivable, and inventory.
  • The ideal position is to have more current assets than current liabilities and thus have a positive net working capital balance.
  • A lower than the desired ratio shows that the working capital is not optimally used to generate sales & optimization may be required.
  • Working capital is also a measure of a company’s operational efficiency and short-term financial health.

A ratio that falls somewhere between 1.2 and 2.0 is generally considered satisfactory. There are a number of tools that determine how efficiently a company is managing its working capital, principally by looking at measures of inventory and cash flow. Working capital turnover ratio is an essential metric managers can use for financial decision-making. The ratio can provide insights into the financial health of a company and help evaluate the effectiveness of investments as well as pricing strategies. The ratio can also offer clues on how to better manage working capital and reduce the company's operating costs. This can happen when the average current assets are lower than the average current liabilities.

Is the working capital turnover ratio the same as the cash turnover ratio?

If keeping track of all these variables sounds complicated to you, don't worry; just put all the numbers into our working capital turnover ratio calculator to get your answer. Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance. Adam received his master's in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.

  • In our example, Company A’s working capital is doing exactly that — it’s working for the company.
  • A higher ratio is indicative of a business’s ability to efficiently use its working capital to drive sales, denoting good financial health.
  • The higher the working capital turnover ratio, the more efficient a company is in managing its current assets to generate sales revenue.
  • To reiterate, a positive NWC value is perceived favorably, whereas a negative NWC presents a potential risk of near-term insolvency.
  • The working capital turnover ratio is one of the key ratios that investors and businesses use to measure a company's financial health.

It is essential to look beyond the number at the underlying story and ask why the ratio is the way it is and what can be done to improve it. Additionally, businesses need to ensure that they make comparisons with companies in their industries, taking note of the differences in operations across various sectors. A concern with this ratio is that it reveals no useful information when a business reports negative working capital. In this situation, the ratio is also negative, so other analyses will need to be conducted to gain a better understanding of the liquidity of the business.

How to Calculate Net Working Capital?

The working capital turnover ratio and the cash turnover ratio serve different purposes. The cash turnover ratio measures how efficiently a company generates sales from its cash on-hand, whereas the working capital turnover ratio considers all current assets and liabilities. It is meant to indicate how capable a company is of meeting its current financial obligations and is a measure of a company's basic financial solvency. In determining working capital, also known as net working capital, or the working capital ratio, companies rely on the current assets and current liabilities figures found on their financial statements or balance sheets. The working capital turnover ratio is a vital metric in measuring a company's financial health.

Everything You Need To Master Financial Modeling

Accounts receivable days, inventory days, and accounts payable days all rely on sales or cost of goods sold to calculate. When this happens, it may be easier to calculate accounts receivables, inventory, and accounts payables by analyzing the past trend and estimating a future value. In contrast, a low ratio may indicate that a business is investing in too many accounts receivable and inventory to support its sales, which could lead to an excessive amount of bad debts or obsolete inventory. A high turnover ratio shows that management is being very efficient in using a company’s short-term assets and liabilities for supporting sales. In other words, it is generating a higher dollar amount of sales for every dollar of working capital used.

What is the average working capital turnover ratio?

A short-period of negative working capital may not be an issue depending on a company's place in its business life cycle and if it is able to generate cash quickly to pay off debts. A similar financial metric called the quick ratio measures the ratio of current assets to current liabilities. In addition to using different accounts in its formula, it reports the relationship as a percentage as opposed to a dollar amount.

Relevance and Uses of Working Capital Turnover Ratio

You can use the working capital turnover ratio calculator below to quickly calculate the number of net sales generated as a result of investing one dollar of working capital by entering the required numbers. The working capital turnover ratio is expressed as a numerical value, and it can sometimes be converted to a percentage for easier comparison across different businesses or industries. Effective inventory management is vital for improving your working capital turnover. This involves not only reducing excess stock to free up capital but also ensuring that inventory levels are aligned with current demand trends.

Importance of Working Capital Turnover Ratio in Business

I started this blog out of my passion to share my knowledge with you in the areas of finance, investing, business, and law, topics that I truly love and have spent decades perfecting. I also acted as an in-house counsel and eventually as the General Counsel in a rapidly growing technology company going through hypergrowth, dealing with international Fortune 500 clients, and operating internationally. When the ratio is high, it indicates operating leverage formula: 4 calculation methods w video that the company is running smoothly and is able to fund its operations without additional sources of funding. In this case, the working capital turnover ratio will be $10,000,000 / [($6,000,000 – $2,000,000) / 2]. This formula is used to calculate the WCT over a one-year period or a trailing 12-month period. Companies and business organizations want to use their capital as efficiently as possible to run their business.